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However, the objective is a high one – not for worldly fortune, but for the empowerment and betterment of people for the sake of Allah. So help me with your strength so that I can put between you and me a barrier. This is a transcript of a video on the story of Dhul Qarnain. (al-Kahf, 83-84) The Ruler of the Earth It is doubtful whether Hz. (Al-Kahf, 83-98) Was He a Prophet? The Story of Dhul Qarnain. This story, including the story of the People of the Cave, was revealed in response to the efforts by the Jews of Mecca to discredit Rasulullah SAW. He said: I can see that these people are spreading mischief… come and support me in this cause that you want me to finish. Then Dhul-Qarnayn proceeded towards the western extremity of the earth. In this case, however, day after day passed and as time went by, Jibril AS did not materialize. All those who opposed him and were inimical to him were destroyed by these supernatural phenomena. The story of Dhul-Qarnayn appears in sixteen verses of the Qur'an, specifically the 16 verses 18:83-98 (Al Kahf). So he took a path, meaning he wanted to go somewhere, so he took a path of travel until he had come to a place where the sun sets (in the west). So can we give you some money so that you can put a barrier between us and them?}. Then he decided to move on and he took another path until he reached where the sun comes up. (Al Qur’an 18:95 – 18:97). Some scholars say it’s a black sea, others said it’s Aegean sea, and upon that area, he found a people. So, the only means of which Rasulullah SAW could have told them the details was if the story was revealed by Allah himself (through the angel Jibril AS). The final story in Surah Al Kahf is in relation to Dhul-Qarnayn. One day, close to the end of time, the barrier will be levelled and from there, Ya’juj and Ma’juj will be liberated and will spread great corruption and discord throughout the land. A Great Leader Say, “I will recite to you about him a report.” (Al Qur’an 18:83). The story of a great king, a worshipper, a slave of Allah, was probably not a prophet of God, however definitely he was a Muslim, a Unitarian, only believes in one God. This is a transcript of a video on the story of Dhul Qarnain. Say 'I will rehearse to you something of his story. This is not to be confused with the “Insha Allah” carelessly uttered by many Muslims today, which has evolved into some sort of polite but totally inappropriate substitute for “no”. Some said it’s Africa, some said it’s Asia… This would have been somewhere in the east. Zulqarnain / Dhul-Qarnayn Dhul-Qarnayn was a well-known figure in the folklore of the Arabian Peninsula. So Dhul-Qarnayn went into the community and led them to the correct path and ways of life in accordance with the rulings of the Almighty. The final story in Surah Al Kahf is in relation to Dhul-Qarnayn. When given such skills by Allah, we should not just monopolize them for our own advantage, but also use them for the betterment of others and for sabeelillah, because we will be question about it in the hereafter. A.) Their scholars had knowledge of certain tales only known to the religious elite amongst them, and they challenged Rasulullah SAW by giving him certain key words and asking him to describe these stories in full to prove that he was indeed a Prophet. Many scholars have their own opinion on this matter. Rafa’il, an honoured angel and friend of Dul Qarnayn, would visit him from time to time. This story, including the story of the people of the cave (Al-kahf) was revealed in response to the efforts by the Jews of Mecca to discredit Rasulullah SAW. Allah gave Dhul-Qarnayn the knowledge to solve the predicament of the people there, and so he instructed them to build a gigantic wall or dam of iron between the two mountains and then pour molten copper to strengthen and increase its impenetrability. Dhul Qarnayn’s fair treatment of the first group of people, punishing only the wrongdoers, and being kind to the others is among the many lessons we find in Surah Al-Kahf. Thus. Was Dhul Qarnayn Alexander the Great? This is a distortion of the original intention of the phrase. According to an old belief, he is the same as Alexander the Great (reign: 356BC-323BC). Indeed, all rulers and people in positions of power should similarly exercise justice without any discrimination. All those who opposed him and were inimical to him were destroyed by these supernatural phenomena. READ MORE: 10 Tips to Stay Focus Praying When Busy. We get lost in the competitive arenas of our careers, and together with it, our original objective is also lost, dunia and akhirah. All Rights Reserved. As for the one who believes and does righteous deeds, then I’ll give him good rewards and I will say to him from my affair that which will be easy for him.}. He was the one who provided relief to … However, we all have different skills – some of us are persuasive talkers, some of us are wealthy, some of us are good at organizing projects, some of us have extensive knowledge of the akhirah, and some of us have extensive knowledge of the useful things in dunia (for example, medicine, engineering, life skills). He said, “That in which my Lord has established me is better [than what you offer], but assist me with strength; I will make between you and them a dam. The final story in Surah Al Kahf is in relation to Dhul-Qarnayn. And when he went west, he found the sun going down in Murky waters. As with many other Qur’anic stories, Allah only reveals essential information to us, and if details are not revealed, then the knowledge of such details is inconsequential to our journey of iman and we should not enquire or debate any further about it. Dhul-Qarnayn lived during the time of Hz. And they ask you, [O Muhammad], about Dhul-Qarnayn. }, {As for the one who wronged himself, then we’ll punish that person, then he’ll be taken back to his Lord, after he dies, then Allah will punish him a punishment that is tremendous or unheard of. Allah the Almighty praised Dhul-Qarnain in the Glorious Quran for his justice. In this location he discovered a community who were living under oppressed conditions. {They ask you about Dhul Qarnain, verily we (Allah) established him in the earth and we gave him from everything single matter a way and a path, meaning we eased his affair in every matter}. (Al Qur’an 18:90). While he is never mentioned explicitly by name, the story is clearly based upon a legendary account of Alexander the Great. He was also a pious and steadfast Muslim who constantly contemplated over the signs of Allah and lived his days travelling from one destination to the next in order to establish justice in the land and alleviate the suffering of the people. May Allah make us tools of alleviating mankind and Islam, ameen. Eventually however, Allah revealed the answers to Rasulullah SAW, and they are contained in the eighteenth chapter of the Qur’an, Surah Al Kahf. The Story of the Dhul Qarnayn (A Righteous King) – A Trial of Power. (Quran 18:95). He said: So Dhul Qarnain is teaching us that even a great king, when he achieved something great they attribute it to Allah. Sign up here to get the latest news, updates delivered directly to your inbox. Discovering Islam Team. The story of Dhul Qarnayn is a fantastical story of a man who travelled to the East and West, and trapped the nation of Gog and Magog between mountains. Where did he go? On his last journey, he reaches a place between two mountains where he met a tribe of people. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Bring me sheets of iron” – until, when he had leveled [them] between the two mountain walls, he said, “Blow [with bellows],” until when he had made it [like] fire, he said, “Bring me, that I may pour over it molten copper.” So Gog and Magog were unable to pass over it, nor were they able [to effect] in it any penetration. Hence we will not be exploring the speculations of the scholars, but will take a literal approach and quote only the text in the Qur’an for the purpose of this story. The Teacher’s Toolbox is FREE for everyone to use, whether you use any of our other services or not. This is the very principle which Dhul Qarnayn utilized. However, we are of the view that this is the knowledge of the unseen, and the theories of the scholars are not based on authentic or confirmed sources within ahadeeth and the Qur’an. He educated the community there on what they needed to do. So they were basically savages who didn’t have even proper dwellings who didn’t even cover themselves properly, who had basically no barrier against the sun. The story of Dhul-Qarnayn (in Arabic ذو القرنين, literally "The Two-Horned One", also transliterated as Zul-Qarnain or Zulqarnain), mentioned in the Quran, may be a reference to Alexander III of Macedon (356–323 BC), popularly known as Alexander the Great. Dhul-Qarnayn, translated as “the possessor of the two horns,” is a legendary king mentioned in Chapter 18 of The Quran, Surah al-Kahf (“The Cave”).. And We had encompassed [all] that he had in knowledge. document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "aba98a95933b562563f9d90be5feed3f" );document.getElementById("d702884592").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The more we are sincere in wanting to perform good deeds, the more Allah will increase our ability to spread the message, meaning such parts of our abilities that enable us to benefit others. Allah gave him the knowledge and equipped him with ability and means. There is lots of evidence that he was due to the startling similarity of the stories as well as the common folklore about Alexander. The story of Dhul-Qarnayn (in Arabic ذو القرنين, literally "The Two-Horned One", also transliterated as Zul-Qarnain or Zulqarnain) is found in the 18 th Surah of the Qur'an, al-Kahf (the Cave). The story of Dhu al-Qarnayn is related in Surah 18 of the Quran, al-Kahf ("The Cave"). The final story in Surah Al Kahf is in relation to Dhul-Qarnayn. Dhu l-Qarnayn (Arabic: ذوالقَرنَین) is the title of a character mentioned in the Qur'an.There are basic disagreements in Islamic sources about his identity, the historical period in which he lived, and the details of his life. The rabbis told them to ask Muhammad about three things, one of them "about a man who travelled and reached the east and the west of the earth, what was his story"… Your email address will not be published. One of this travels brought him to the West, where he found the sun setting as if in a spring of dark mud. Dhul-Qarnayn, translated as "the possessor of the two horns," is a legendary king mentioned in Chapter 18 of The Quran, Sura al-Kahf ("The Cave"). This was a tiny mistake on his part, but Allah swiftly admonished him for this oversight. Story Of Prophet Sulaiman Or Solomon (AS), The Story of Moses: Lessons from the life of Prophet Moses. This is a flash card based around the topic of the story of Dhul Qarnain which contains questions on one side and answers on the other side. The flash cards can be laminated and students can use them to test each others knowledge on what they have learnt. His story is similar to Alexander's, even Alexander wore two horns. In fact, the Qur’an relates three incidents in this Surah, and the story of Dhul-Qarnayn is one of them. The Teacher’s Toolbox is FREE for everyone to use, whether you use any of our other services or not. According to Muslim accounts, this chapter was revealed to Muhammad when his tribe, Quraysh, sent two men to discover whether the Jews, with their superior knowledge of the scriptures, could advise them on whether Muhammad was a true prophet of God.The rabbis told them to ask Muhammad about three things, … The story along with the story of the People of the Cave was revealed to the Prophet (saw) in response to the disbelievers who challenged the Prophet (saw) to tell them about these famous stories from the past. Then he followed a way. The Qur’an mentions three of his journeys.On his last journey, he reaches a place between two mountains where he met a tribe of people. The purpose of Dhul-Qarnayn’s travels were not for the sake of amassing fortune and power, but to establish justice in the land and rid it of oppression. Story of Dhul Qarnayn (83-99)Dhul Qarnayn translates to “1 with 2 horns”In ayah 84, he is described as a great ruler who had access to everything due to Allah’s will; most powerful of his time.Chose a path and travelled all the way until he reached … Story#4: The fourth story that Allah Almighty mentions in Quran in this particular Surah is the story of great king Dhul-Qarnayn who travelled all across the world to help the people who were in need and spread good wherever he went. Everyone is welcome to benefit from the resources on this site. Accept Then he will be returned to his Lord, and He will punish him with a terrible punishment. I have heard parts of a tradition relating that Sayyidina Dhul Qarnayn (as) and Sayyidina Khidr (as) went in search of the “fountain of youth” or “water of life” and that is how Sayyidina Khidr (as) is alive until today through drinking that blessed water. There is lots of evidence that he was due to the startling similarity of the stories as well as the common folklore about Alexander. However, the precise identity of Dhul-Qarnayn is not described in the Qur’an and Hadith, and Allah did not provide us with the details for a wisdom that He knows. The story of Dhu al-Qarnayn is related in Surah 18 of the Quran, al-Kahf ("The Cave"). Question: Assalaamualaikum dear Shuyookh,. Indeed We established him upon the earth, and We gave him to everything a way. If this is our goal, our first step should be to cleanse and purify the sincerity of intention in order to act in accordance with Allah’s wishes. Dhul-Qarnayn did not waste these abilities on himself, but rather, travelled from one remote place to another to help elevate his fellow mankind in dunia and akhirah. Then Dhul-Qarnayn proceeded towards the western extremity of the earth. This is why the end of Surah Al Kahf talks about the purity and sincerity of intention, for without them, all good deeds are wasted. {O Dhul Qarnain, do you want to punish them or do you want to leave them in goodness? Get real time updates directly on you device, subscribe now. Secondly he had no power issue, because Allah gave him a huge army that was formidable, also you know many kings suffer from bad image, but no he had a good image and people knew about Dhul Qarnain and they knew that he was a righteous king and that he was pious man. The Qur’an relates the story of Dhul-Qarnayn ("he of the two horns") in Sura' al-Kahf. Little is known about Ya’juj and Ma’juj – what race they are, their exact location and what form they appear in. He liberated the community from the oppression that they were subject to, inflicted punishment upon the oppressors, criminals and evildoers and aided the weak and oppressed until justice was established in the land. He said, “As for one who wrongs, we will punish him. This story, including the story of the People of the Cave, was revealed in response to the efforts by the Jews of Mecca to discredit Rasulullah SAW. Islam Religion Guardian - Bridging Knowledge Gaps in Islamic Doctrines, France Islam: Muslims under pressure to sign French values charter, UK road to be named after founder of the Sikh faith, Guru Nanak, Quebec Unveils Memorial for Mosque Victims, Conquerors and Innovators: 7 of the Greatest Muslim Leaders and Commanders in History, Maulidu’n Nabiyy: The Prophet’s birth, his virtues and values, New Scientific Research Proves True 1400 Year-Old Qur’anic Claim On Mountains &…, Unravelling the Truth About Eve: Her Position in History According to Islam, The history of Makkah Grand Mosque’s expansion, Armenia and Islam: How Armenia’s Historical Connections with Islam can Shape its…. The Quran narrates the story of how Allah establishes Dhul-Qarnayn as a powerful ruler on earth and allows the king the freedom to do with his subjects as he pleases. But as for one who believes and does righteousness, he will have a reward of Paradise, and we will speak to him from our command with ease.” (Al Qur’an 18:87 – 18:88). The story teaches us how a Muslim should be dynamic and to be a high achiever. Surah Al-Kahf is full of amazing, unique stories. (Al Qur’an 18:92 – 18:93), They said, “O Dhul-Qarnayn, indeed (Ya’juj) Gog and Magog (Ma’juj) are [great] corrupters in the land. According to Muslim accounts, this chapter was revealed to Muhammad when his tribe, Quraysh, sent two men to discover whether the Jews, with their superior knowledge of the scriptures, could advise them on whether Muhammad was a true prophet of God. In the Quran Zulkarnain is mentioned as a Dhul-Qarnayn (Arabic ذو القرنين) meaning “The Two-Horned One“. Often, we become confident in our ability to deliver, and we attribute such abilities to our own might and strength: a casual promise, or even the undertaking to meet a deadline or attend an appointment. However, his story is narrated in the Quran. Yes its a fascinating story. to Turkey or around that area until he reached that area which is Turkmenistan, he reached two mountains. He worshipped God fearing Him, so he had good name, therefore his subjects did not fear him, they revered him, and they praised him and many of them loved him as well. Dhul-Qarnayn travelled extensively from one end of the earth to another, in order to spread justice, to alleviate the suffering people and to educate and advance them by spreading his knowledge to them. Until, when he reached [a pass] between two mountains, he found beside them a people who could hardly understand [his] speech. When asked to describe these incidents, Rasulullah SAW asked the questioners to return the following day, and that he would answer their questions then – but he omitted from saying“Insha Allah” (God willing). At the present time, we are running on very limited funds. Dhul Qarnayn was a pious man and a God-fearing waliy who owned vast lands stretching from east to west. As a final note, Allah gives each of us different abilities. Allah said, “O Dhul-Qarnayn, either you punish [them] or else adopt among them [a way of] goodness.” (Al Qur’an 18:86). They asked him to build a wall between them and the people of Gog and Magog “Ya’juj and Ma’juj” who were causing mischief in the land. He conquered in order to spread the rule of Allah over the land. He roared like a lion in every town and caused lightening, thunder, and darkness. Dhul Qarnain was a righteous and just king, who traveled the lands from West to East. In order for us to run Islam Religion Guardian service efficiently, we are in need of donations. Dhul-Qarnayn, translated as "the possessor of the two horns," is a legendary king mentioned in Chapter 18 of The Quran, Sura al-Kahf ("The Cave"). Dhul-Qarnayn travelled extensively in his life. Not having Jewish or Christian ancestry, these stories were not known to the community of Mekkah at that time and were not part of their traditions. The fourth and last story that Allah has narrated in Surah Al-Kahf is about this just, Allah-fearing ruler and his conquests. First of all, he had no financial worry, he was a king. The enemies were almost destroyed by the fear that they had in their hearts. This is a reference to the story of Dhul-Qarnayn in the Quran. Therefore he took another path in order to travel. Ibn Abbas mentioned that they were Turkish Mongol in origin, other scholars mention that their origins are from Mongolian, Turkish, Chinese mixed with Asian feature… and unfortunately they created a lot of mischief. As time passed, people speculated that Rasulullah SAW did not rise up to the challenge thrown by the Jews. It is said that he ruled the earth from east to west, but it is noted that Allah only revealed part of this story to us. The final story in Surah Al Kahf is in relation to Dhul-Qarnayn. I have heard parts of a tradition relating that Sayyidina Dhul Qarnayn (as) and Sayyidina Khidr (as) went in search of the “fountain of youth” or “water of life” and that is how Sayyidina Khidr (as) is alive until today through drinking that blessed water. Everyone is welcome to benefit from the resources on this site. READ MORE: Anger Management in the Light of Quran and Sunnah. The next part of his journey is the most astounding, where he met a curious community, so far removed that he barely understood their language. It is popularly believed that Dhul-Qarnayn refers to Iskandar Dhul-Qarnayn or Alexander the Great of Macedonia. Some Western and traditional Muslim scholars identify Alexander the Great as Dhul-Qarnayn (Quran 18:83–94). Immediately,… Dhul-Qarnayn or Zulqarnayn, (Arabic: ذو القرنين‎ ḏū al-qarnayn), "he of the two horns", appears in Surah 18 verses 83-98 of the Qur'an as a figure empowered by Allah to erect a wall between mankind and Gog and Magog, the representation of chaos. (Al Qur’an 18:91). Who are Gog and Magog? This is a reference to the story of Dhul-Qarnayn in the Quran. © 2020 - Islamreligionguardian. {And he found the sun was coming up over a people we have not put from them meaning from the sun any covering}. Dhul-Qarnayn was a prophet or a saint. The final story in Surah Al Kahf is in relation to Dhul-Qarnayn. So Gog and Magog were unique people, human beings but they are people who have significant mischief. The story of Dhul Qarnayn is a fantastical story of a man who travelled to the East and West, and trapped the nation of Gog and Magog between mountains. The last and final story Allah (swt) shares with us in Surah al-Kahf is the story of the great ruler, Dhul-Qarnayn. The story of a great king, a worshipper, a slave of Allah, was probably not a prophet of God, however definitely he was a Muslim, a Unitarian, only believes in one God. Until, when he reached the setting of the sun, he found it [as if] setting in a spring of dark mud, and he found near it a people. There are various ahadeeth however, which categorically describes them as being corrupters of the land, and it is prophesized in both Al Qur’an and ahadeeth that they will, close to the end of time, appear on the land and cause great trouble and strife. So he followed a way. Remember that this is not going to stay all the time but if the promise of Allah comes, Allah will destroy this barrier. He roared like a lion in every town and caused lightening, thunder, and darkness. The final story in Surah Al Kahf is in relation to Dhul-Qarnayn.. Verily We established his power on earth, and We gave him the ways and the means to all ends. Dhul Qarnain created big cauldrons; he started to melt the iron until he had then closed off the gap between the two mountains. The Qur’an mentions three of his journeys. The story of Dhul-Qarnayn is related in chapter 18 of the Quran, al kahf (“The Cave“).This chapter was supposedly revealed to Muhammad when his tribe, Quraysh, sent two men to discover whether the Jews, with their superior knowledge of the scriptures, could advise them on whether Muhammad was a … Dhul-Qarnayn, translated as "the possessor of the two horns," is a legendary king mentioned in Chapter 18 of The Quran, Sura al-Kahf ("The Cave"). Read More. (Al Qur’an 18:98 – 18:99). Usually when challenged by the disbeliever, or if faced with an issue that would require divine guidance to solve, Jibril AS would reveal the revelations to Muhammad SAW and the answer to challenges were provided quickly: if not the same day itself, then within a short period of time after that. “Insha Allah” is only to be used when someone intends to keep his commitment and will use his best efforts to keep his promise, but also has the humility to acknowledge that it is only Allah who can carry his commitments to fruition. Allah knows. This is why, even the role model of mankind, Muhammad SAW, was reprimanded for not uttering the phrase “Insha Allah” when he gave his undertaking to explain the story of The People of the Cave and also Dhul-Qarnayn. How many of us have already been stuck in some unforeseen circumstance – a traffic jam, or a broken server, an illness, which took away our ability to keep to our commitment? What is known is that Dhul-Qarnayn was a man endowed by Allah with many talents and abilities, including military prowess, the ability to rule kingdoms, and extensive practical knowledge on many aspects of life. {That in which my Lord has enabled me is better [than what you offer], but assist me with strength; I will make between you and them a barrier.} The Quran narrates the story of how Allah establishes Dhul-Qarnayn as a powerful ruler on earth and allows the king the freedom to do with his subjects as he pleases. If we are sincere, Allah will give us the capacity as well as the victory, according to our piety, connection to Allah and faith in Allah. There is a beautiful quote we often hear that ‘my home is my paradise’ or…, When giving birth, women will normally experience the what-so-called as nifas. Dhul-Qarnayn was a conqueror, and only a few of us have this immense ability. Security is the foremost condition of a safe social life which is why Dhul Qarnayn undertook the most laborious works to provide it with them. Having completed his task, he and his army continued on their journey, until one day, against the rising sun, he found a people who were backward and ignorant, living in the open without any shelter or protection against the sun. Many of us lose sight of that objective, and by the time we graduate from college and university, our hearts are immersed in the material love of the world. His enemies feared him and so even before he attacked them. Dhul-Qarnayn (Arabic for "the two-horned") is mentioned in the Qur'an. The flash cards can be laminated and students can use them to test each others knowledge on what they have learnt. However, the historical details do not match, and further, Alexander the Great of Macedonia was not a believer in Islam whereas Dhul-Qarnayn was a pious believer. Was Dhul Qarnayn Alexander the Great? This story, including the story of the People of the Cave, was revealed in response to the efforts by the Jews of Mecca to discredit Rasulullah SAW. Until, when he came to the rising of the sun, he found it rising on a people for whom We had not made against it any shield. Gog and Magog were unique people, human beings but they are people who have significant mischief. Who exactly is Dhul-Qarnayn? The main lesson that can be learnt from the story of Dhul-Qarnayn is that all ability, might and power comes from Allah, and when one’s inclination is towards goodness, he should use those abilities to do good. According to some of the narrations shows that these mountains are in south Turkey. This was a trial from Allah, and also for admonishing Rasulullah SAW for not saying “Insha Allah” before making a commitment. Dhul- Qarnain) said: "This is a mercy from my Lord, but when the Promise of my Lord comes, He shall level it down to the ground. We as Muslims, are obligated to say “Insha Allah” when promising to deliver something, for without Allah’s will, nothing can happen. 22 November, 2016. This is a flash card based around the topic of the story of Dhul Qarnain which contains questions on one side and answers on the other side. There is extensive ongoing debate on who exactly was the historical character of Dhul-Qarnayn. And they were able to bring large pieces of iron to help Dhul Qarnain. A vast just government cannot turn away from the varieties of the life of people and their different conditions. [Dhul-Qarnayn] said, “This is a mercy from my Lord; but when the promise of my Lord comes, He will make it level, and ever is the promise of my Lord true.”  And We will leave them that day surging over each other, and [then] the Horn will be blown, and We will assemble them in [one] assembly.

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