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Later, it was confirmed present in Europe where it was also attacking a range of fresh fruits. It is a single taxonomic entity. Corvallis, Oregon, USA: Oregon State University. An easy-to-use description of the combination of diagnostic characters that could be used for tentative identification of D. suzukii within its subgroup is given by both Hauser (2011) and Cini et al. Spotted wing drosophila: a new invasive pest of Michigan fruit crops. Consequently, passive diffusion is likely the main cause of the spread of D. suzukii (Westphal et al., 2008; Cini et al, 2012; EPPO, 2013a). Explain your judgement (edit in the part justification) Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales, 64(2):101-106. http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/cszma, Maier CT, 2012. Spotted wing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii, is a major worldwide crop pest of various soft-skinned fruits (1). Drosophilid survey of India II. The vinegar flyDrosophila suzukii(Matsumura) (Diptera Drosophilidae), spotted wing drosophila, is a highly polyphagous inva- sive pest endemic to South East Asia, which has recently invaded western countries. For short-residual insecticides, evening applications may be recommended. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. More recently, multi-component volatile blends had been identified (Cha et al., 2012; 2013) that may provide a more selective lure and may reduce the time for trap servicing. A detailed historic account of the dispersion of D. suzukii outside of its native area is given in Hauser (2011). This field of work is not well described, and so the list of Host Plants and Other Plants Affected contains probable as well as reported hosts. First occurrence of Drosophila suzukii in the Sauternes vineyards. The infested fruits can be detected only by visual inspection under optical magnification (15-20 x magnification). %%EOF Taxonomy and cytology of the subgenus Sophophora (Drosophila). Using volunteer-based networks to track Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) an invasive pest of fruit crops. 87 (3), 379-383. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10340-014-0591-5 DOI:10.1007/s10340-014-0591-5, Diepenbrock L M, McPhie D R, 2018. The discovery and rearing of a parasitoid (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) associated with spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii, in Oregon and British Columbia. Leptopilina heterotoma and Pachecrepoides vindemiae have been found to attack D. suzukii in newly-invaded production regions in Pacific North America and in northern Italy (Rossi-Stacconi et al., 2013). (2014). This species has a high reproductive rate and short generation time; D. suzukii can theoretically have up to 13 generations per year, which may contribute towards  rapid spread, given available suitable hosts. Proceedings for the conference, Hohenheim, Germany, 20-22 February 2012. It is a single taxonomic entity. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 62(1):214-223, Yu D, Zalom FG, Hamby KA, 2013. The Alachua Grower (online), Profaizer D, Angeli G, Trainotti D, Marchel L, Zadra E, Sofia M, Ioriatti C, 2012. D����B��) �. EPPO Global Database. New pests of the small fruits in Trentino. Deprá M, Poppe J L, Schmitz H J, Toni D C de, Valente V L S, 2014. (2010) reported that D. suzukii individuals collected in autumn were reproductively immature, suggesting a winter reproductive diapause. Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD), is one of the few species of Drosophilidae known to be a pest of healthy, unripe fruit (Walsh et al. and economically significant damage on several species of cultivated berries were reported (Grassi et al., 2009). Drosophila suzukii, commonly known as the spotted-wing Drosophila, is an invasive polyphagous fruit pest, which has emerged as a global threat to agriculture in the Americas and in Europe. [Distribution map]. Already present in British Columbia, in that year it was also recorded in Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec (Hauser, 2011). Terra Trentina, 58:47-53, Grassi A, Pallaoro M, 2012. 108. Draft genome of the Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila suzukii. Phylogeny of the oriental Drosophila melanogaster species group: a multilocus reconstruction. Males also have a prominent dark spot on the distal margin of the wings. Lue ChiaHua, Mottern J L, Walsh G C, Buffington M L, 2017. Journal of Pest Science, 89(3):735-748. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10340-016-0755-6, Kido MH, Asquith A, Vargas RI, 1996. http://www.eppo.int/QUARANTINE/Alert_List/insects/drosophila_suzukii.htm, EPPO, 2013. Genome of Drosophila suzukii, the Spotted Wing Drosophila. San Giuliano Terme, Pisa, Italy: Felici Editore, Ros Gde, Anfora G, Grassi A, Ioriatti C, 2013. Rome, Italy: FAO, IPPC, 2012. endstream endobj startxref First record of spotted wing drosophila Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in Montenegro. Southwestern Entomologist, 39(1):201-203. http://sswe.tamu.edu/, Novkovic B, Mitsui H, Suwito A, Kimura MT, 2011. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Annual Report of the Kanto-Tosan Plant Protection Society. Canberra, Australia: Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Biosecurity. Ability of European parasitoids (Hymenoptera) to control a new invasive Asiatic pest, Drosophila suzukii. Drosophila suzukii. Jap, 16:20-27, Piotrowski, W., Labanowska, B. H., 2017. It is now widespread in Coastal and Interior fruit growing areas of B.C. OREGON DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FACT SHEETS AND PEST ALERTS Adult spotted wing drosophila male. Acta Horticulturae [II International Organic Fruit Symposium, Leavenworth, Washington, USA. : Drosophilidiae), an invasive fruit pest new to the Middle East and Iran. The potential economic impact of Drosophila suzukii on small fruits production in Trentino (Italy). About Spotted Wing Drosophila and the SCRI SWD Project. British Columbia, Canada: Ministry of Agriculture. Mating of new adults can happen any time of the day, but it can be observed more often during the day when the temperature is relatively high. 2011, Atallah et al. D. suzukii is listed on the EPPO alert list. Spotted-wing drosophila has recently been found in many California counties infesting ripening cherry, raspberry, blackberry, blueberry, and strawberry crops; it has also been observed attacking other soft-flesh fruit such as boysenberry, varieties of Japanese plums, plumcots, and nectarines. Credit: Michelle Bui, UC San Diego. European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. SWD is widespread throughout all the important production regions in the U.S., … The activity of microorganisms, as well as the intimate association of the pest species with endosymbionts, has not yet been exploited for biocontrol purpose. Annual Report of the Kanto-Tosan Plant Protection Society, No.52:99-101, Kehrli P, Hohn H, Baroffio C, Fischer S, 2012. (Prvi nalaz Drosophila suzukii (Matsumara, 1931) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) u Hrvatskoj.) D. suzukii seems to have important relationships with forests and woodland, where it can find a suitable microclimate and host plants year-round (Grassi et al, 2011). Suzukii Drosophila: a new threat feature for the European fruit and viticulture - report for the international conference in Trient, 2, December 2011. First record of Drosophila suzukii in Piedmont. Drosophila (Sophophora) suzukii (Matsumura), new pest of soft fruits in Trentino (North-Italy) and in Europe. jap. D. suzukii has recently been recorded in Iran, indicating expansion of its territory into the Middle East (Parchami-Araghi et al., 2015). DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. The SWD flies have brownish-yellow thorax, black stripes across the abdomen, and distinct red eyes. Drosophila suzukii. IPPC, 2020. The fly called spotted wing drosophila (SWD, Drosophila suzukii) is emerging as a global plant pest of significance. (2013) reported dawn and dusk as the most active periods. The first records of the invasive pest Drosophila suzukii in the South American continent. Spixiana, 15:93-95, Singh BK, Bhatt M, 1988. Recent laboratory observations recorded the development from egg to egg-laying female as ranging from about a week to 12-15 days at 21.1°C and at 18.3°C, respectively (Walsh et al., 2011). 2009). Quick Guide: Drosophila suzukii. Toda M J, 1991. Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura), a revolution for soft fruits in Trentino. The invasive spotted-wing Drosophila (Diptera, Drosophilidae) has been found in the city of São Paulo (Brazil). According to references reported by Hauser (2011) there is the possibility that the species is not native to Japan, but had been introduced into the country at the turn of the century. Pest Management Science, 67(11):1349-1351. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ps.2271/full, Lee JC, Burrack HJ, Barrantes LD, Beers EH, Dreves AJ, Hamby KA, Haviland DR, Isaacs R, Richardson TA, Shearer PW, Stanley CA, Walsh DB, Walton VM, Zalom FG, Bruck DJ, 2012. Unlike other drosophilids that prefer to oviposit on overripe fruits, D. suzukii utilizes its serrated ovipositor to lay eggs inside ripening fruits, causing significant crop losses (1 ⇓ – 3). Pest Management Science, 67(11):1396-1402. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ps.2259/full, Grassi A, Giongo L, Palmieri L, 2011.

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