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Join over five million BBC Earth fans by liking us on Facebook, or follow us on Twitter and Instagram. In 2012, a team of researchers in England simulated the skull and musculature of T. Rex, using modern birds and crocodiles as reference points. That said, piranhas are not what they were. (Interestingly, the dog you'd expect to see on this list, the pit bull, can only muster a bite force of 250 PSI, about the same as a full-grown human.) There could be crocodiles out there with even stronger bites, "We think their high bite force is largely due to enormous jaw-closing muscles, particularly a muscle called the pterygoideus," says Porro. As befitting mammals that can eat, chew and digest solid bone, spotted hyenas are equipped with massive skulls, disproportionately large trunks and forelimbs, and powerful bites that can rip through carcasses with up to 1,000 pounds of force per square inch. If you're about to be eaten by a big cat, it will probably make little difference to you whether it's a lion, a tiger, a puma, or a jaguar. But with a jaw made of flexible cartilage rather than solid bone, is it the most powerful bite? Powerful muscles work to rip flesh, crush bone and close the maw with terrific speed. This "bite force transducer" measured how much pressure was applied across a pair of plates by the upper and lower jaw. People need to realize that pitbulls aren't as dangerous as idiots think they are. Still, by observing animals in the wild, and performing computer simulations, it's possible to arrive at a more-or-less accurate number for a given species' bite force, expressed in pounds per square inch (PSI). your looking at a top bite force of 775 to 875 lbs. A hyena's neck is solid muscle with thick skin, they are notoriously brutal with each other. In 2008, Stephen Wroe of the University of New England in Australia and his colleagues used computer simulations to estimate how powerful a great white shark's bite could be. That is enough to crush a small car. One bite out of a hyena produces about 1000 pounds of force (it bites through the bone), a pitbull is about what...200? The whopping shark known as Carcharodon megalodon went extinct 2.6 million years ago. As incomprehensibly huge as this number is, it makes perfect sense since Megalodon's hunting style was first to methodically shear off the fins and limbs of its prey, then deliver a killing blow to the unfortunate animal's underside. Remember that scene in Peter Jackson's "King Kong" where our hero casually rips off a giant tree branch and eats it like a piece of beef jerky? At 4,000 pounds per square inch, the saltwater crocodile of northern Africa has the strongest bite of any living animal, powerful enough to snag a zebra or antelope by the hoof and drag it kicking and bleating into the water. Bob Strauss is a science writer and the author of several books, including "The Big Book of What, How and Why" and "A Field Guide to the Dinosaurs of North America. The shark bite researchers estimated the megashark's bite to be an "extraordinary" 108,514-182,201N. ", ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. This finding underscores the general pattern that bigger animals have the most powerful bites. At the same time that C. megalodon prowled the seas, there was also a sperm whale called Livyatan melvillei. Hyenas, lions, and tigers generate around 1,000 psi (4,450 newtons). The shark bite researchers estimated the megashark's bite to be an "extraordinary" 108,514-182,201N. It only has teeth on its lower jaw and tends to swallow its squid diet whole. This may seem like overkill, considering that a rampaging polar bear can render its prey unconscious with a single swipe of its well-muscled paw, but it makes sense given that many animals in Arctic habitats are swathed in thick coats of fur, feathers, and blubber. However, as any fan of nature documentaries can tell you, orcas usually hunt co-operatively to take down big prey. Well, scale that down by an order of magnitude, and you have the modern African gorilla, massive enough to fight off three or four NFL defensive linemen, and equipped with a sufficiently strong bite to mash the toughest fruits, nuts, and tubers to gooey paste. Hyenas have much stronger bite force, are probably faster, weigh more (females can reach 141lbs, males normally over 100lbs but less than 120lbs), etc. The largest hyena is the spotted hyena, and they can grow up to 200lbs. I'm pretty sure a bite from a hyena could crush a pit's skull. However, in a 2012 study, researchers measured the bite force of the black piranha to be 320N. That means it could be a case of many mouths make light work, and their individual bites might not be especially powerful. It may have grown to almost 66ft (20m) long, nearly 3.5 times the length of the biggest great white sharks. Very powerful bites can be reasonably expected for this animal. According to Dr. Brady Barr, on National geographic, the hyena has a bite force that has been recorded at 1000 lbs. If compared, while humans make use of an average bite force that ranges from 120-140 PSI, the Nike crocodile's bite force is 5,000 PSI. Hippos may seem like gentle, whimsical animals, but any naturalist will tell you they're every bit as dangerous as lions or wolves: not only can a hippopotamus open its mouth at a 180 degree angle, but it can bite an unwary tourist completely in half with a ferocious force of 2,000 pounds per square inch. Human wins. They don't have a bite force that's particularly impressive for their size. However, "it would definitely [be] worth trying," says Lambert. Tyrannosaurus Rex has been extinct for 65 million years, but its reputation lives on. It is not the teeth or long jaws of crocodiles that give them a big bite, but the ferocious snap. American Pit Bull Terrier The American Pit Bull Terrier (APBT) is a medium-sized, solidly built, short haired dog whose early ancestors came from England and Ireland. There are dogs 1 on 1, that will grab hyena and literally destroy it. Read about our approach to external linking. Around 9 million years ago, South America was home to giant piranhas. The jaguar`s bite force was never measured. The study also included a simulated bite sleeve test with a German shepherd, a Rottweiler and an American pit bull terrier.

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