The word on the ring reads “il-La-La” which means “for” or “to Allah.” Though the attire of the woman in the grave seems to be traditionally Scandinavian, her decomposed body made it hard for archaeologists to determine her ethnicity. February 14, 2018, 5:40 pm, by Get the best content delivered straight into your inbox! Researchers have also claimed that the appearance of the ring in Birka shows direct contact between Viking society and the Abbasid Caliphate the once dominated much of the Middle East and North Africa. But the story struck a chord because it builds on accurate scholarship that shows that the Viking era included extensive contact with the Islamic world as well as other distant locales. Ibn Fadlan’s experience is documented in Risala. Researchers in Sweden have recently found Arabic Kufic script woven into clothing from Viking boat graves dating to the 9th and 10th century. July 6, 2019, 10:11 am, by The discovery was made by archaeologist Annika Larsson of Uppsala University. The History channel’s original drama television series – Vikings – is one of my favorite programs. '” The amnesia, he continues, “affects the minds of present and future generations and distorts their attitudes and perceptions of the role of other cultures, particularly Muslim, in building the present civilization.” It should be noted, however, that both the Vikings and Muslims had interacted with civilizations and gained knowledge from these interactions. The inscription on the ring was also written in Kufic, which was well renowned in the 8th to 10th centuries. Sumeyye Copoglu Information about their relationship has been found in Arabic written sources and through the discovery of Arabic artefacts in Scandinavia. Ethem Bukey The trade between the Rus and the lands south of the Black and Caspian seas made it possible for cultural interactions to take place between the Rus and the Islamic World. An engraved ring has suggested evidence of close contact between Viking Age Scandinavians and the Islamic world, more than a century after it was discovered. Al-Tartushi relates: “They hold a festival where they assemble to honor their god and eat and drink. Environment and trade Environment and Trade: Viking Age Between the eighth and eleventh centuries, Vikings not only raided, but traded far and wide. You Can Still Make the Most of Ramadan! July 29, 2019, 1:10 pm, by Following the Vikings’ retreat, Al-Rahman established a navy, the first of its kind in Al-Andalus, and sent diplomats to start peace talks with the Vikings. Others have speculated that the Viking woman might have been a convert to Islam. Sumaya El-Zaher According to historian Jonathan Clements, the Vikings left the Muslim world alone after the 1041 expedition of Ingvar the Far-Travelled, who was defeated in the Caucasus. However, this is another proof of how huge and impressive the Abassid Caliphate must have been. We’ve known for a long time that the Vikings had rich interactions with the Islamic world, and this should have been just one more story in that larger saga, she said. June 26, 2019, 2:53 pm, by Muslim Doctors Opened a Completely Free Clinic for the Poor in Toledo, Justin Trudeau Visits Quebec Mosque On Shooting Anniversary: “They Inspire us With Their Strength”, Islam and Scandinavia during the Viking Age, The Abbasid Dynasty: The Golden Age of Islamic Civilization, No, Europe’s “Enlightenment” Doesn’t Mean It’s Superior to Other Parts of the World, Fasting for the First Time? One of the earliest detailed descriptions of Northern Europe is reported by a Muslim named Ahmad Ibn Fadlan, a 9th/10th century Arab traveler and member of the diplomatic mission of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Muqtadir of Baghdad. Years later, under the reign of Abd ar-Rahman II (822-852), Viking ships sailed up the Guadalquivir River to attack Seville, a main city of Al-Andalus. Change ). Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Another major breakthrough came several years ago when researchers found a female tomb revealed at the historic trading center of Birka, Sweden. While there is no cut-and-dry declaration that Vikings were actually Muslims, there is evidence that some likely were. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Viking and Muslim Interactions: The Untold Stories, were briefer in their mentions of the Vikings, http://spangenhelm.com/islamic-muslim-vikings/, Muslim Spain and Portugal: A Political History of Al-Andalus, A Tale of Two Civilisations: The Viking and the Muslim Civilisation – AWOLIA, “House of One” Unites Jews, Christians, and Muslims Under One Roof, Jesus’s Childhood Home Revealed, According to U.K. Archaeologist, People of the Book – Prophet Muhammad’s Encounters with Christians, “The Humanity of Muhammad” With Craig Considine and Jonathan Brown, Embracing Prophet Muhammad’s Teachings – A Review of “The Humanity of Muhammad: A Christian View”, The State of Christian-Muslim Relations – An Interview with Al Jazeera Balkans, Irish Catholic Professor’s Take on Prophet Muhammad, Order “The Humanity of Muhammad: A Christian View”. The account written by Ibn Fadlan about his 921–922 travels from Baghdad to the capital of the Bulghar kingdom gives details which can reveal the cultural interaction between the two groups. Similarly to Muslim merchants throughout history, Vikings were interested in trading and collecting commodities such as silver, furs, honey, leather, ivory and fish. July 23, 2016, 5:24 pm. They are described by Ibn Fadlan as having bodies tall as palm trees, with red hair and ruddy skin. Areeha Akhter Before sacking Seville, the Vikings sacked Cadiz, Lisbon and Medina Sidonia. These 6 Sudano-Sahelian Mosques in Africa Are Astonishing! Bede's World . June 9, 2018, 12:31 pm, by The Vikings & The Islamic World book. They are tattooed from “fingernails to neck” with dark blue or dark green “tree patterns” and other “figures.” Ibn Fadlan added that all men are armed with an axe, sword and long knife. Hafsah Dabiri This empire had contact with different cultures around the world, such as the Indians and Chinese in the east, and the Byzantines in the west, which led to the establishment of trade networks between Asia, Africa and Europe. Written by Becky Little. ( Log Out / February 19, 2020, 12:20 pm, by More Arab writers who mentioned the Vikings in their works are Ibn Khoradadbeh and Ibn Fadlan. ‘Majus’ is another word for fireworshipers and in this instance the Vikings. I'm following the series " Vikings" and the whole Lothbrok saga and their curiosity for the world at that time. Built by the Moors, Algeciras is an Islamic society under Muslim rule. The television series transports viewers to the mysterious world of Viking farmers and warriors and their journeys throughout the world. by May 1, 2020, 5:34 pm, Trending But the most important physical evidence of contact between the Vikings and the Islamic world is the ring found in a grave of a woman near Birka. During the Islamic Golden Age, from the 8 th century to the 13 th century, the Abbasid Caliphate established one of the largest empires in history.. In the journal Scanning, researchers recount how they used a scanning electron microscope to investigate the origins of the ring. Popular, by He talks about the people and their town: “Schleswig is a very large town situated at the Ocean. Al-Ghazili allegedly brought gifts for the Viking king, but the gesture did not have its intended impact. The tomb had a silver ring with the phrase “for Allah” inscribed on it. According to Thomas S. Noonan’s book Supply-Side Sustainability, “Viking traders brought Abbasid silver coins in great quantities to Scandinavia; thousands have been found in Russia and the Baltic.” Noonan also highlights that it was a cache of dirhams (coins in Arabic) “that helped fuel the Viking Age.” He claims the dirham to be of such power that it was used as the common currency in Viking cities like York, England and Dublin, Ireland in the 10th and 12th centuries.
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