PRO TIP: Monsteras are climbing plants as well as love to rise upright surfaces. Consuming the leaves and other parts of the plant may cause severe mouth burning, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Monstera (nicknamed Swiss cheese plant because of the holes in its leaves) is a tropical plant from the Araceae family that is happiest as a houseplant in colder climates. However the most popular method of propagating M. deliciosa is air-layering, for which you'll need sharp and clean pruning shears, floral or sphagnum moss, a plastic bag, and twist ties. First, find a leaf that is growing out of a stem and has a short aerial root below it. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Still, set indoor plants outside at least once a year in direct sunlight to encourage lush growth. Tovah Martin, houseplant expert and author (The Indestructible Houseplant), says this method or a room humidifier is far more effective than misting the leaves. The most common, Monstera deliciosa, is named so because of the edible fruit the plant produces, though they rarely flower indoors. “It shouldn’t take long,” she says, “maybe a month or so.” Plant your new Monstera in the same type of potting soil as the original plant. Firmly surround the stake with soil and use plant ties to attach the stem to the stake. I have two tiny tiny roots! You’ll also hear it called split-leaf philodendron. At that size they bear fruit, with a flavor described as a mix of banana and pineapple, that gives them the “deliciosa” part of their name. Tips for Watering Monstera Deliciosa Wait to water your Monstera until the top third of the soil is dry â but donât let the soil dry out completely. “Use something like a toothpick or golf tee to hold the cut open,” she says. Monstera Deliciosa Care Exposure. Just water them when their soil is dry to the touch, about once a week, and give them plenty of sunshine. Pruning Monstera Deliciosa. The leaves of Monstera adansonii are somewhat smaller, ... How to Care for Monstera, the Swiss Cheese Plant Oct 27, 2020. Cut a small notch about one third of the stem's width, just below that root. When planting outdoors, establish in part-shade in well-draining soil. To help your Monstera reach its full potential, Steinkopf recommends using a water-soluble houseplant fertilizer diluted to one-third to one-half strength once a month. Common pests include mealybugs, aphids, thrips, scale and spider mites. Monsteras are famous for their natural leaf-holes, and has led to the rise of its nickname, Swiss Cheese Plant. Ensure its pot has adequate drainage holes so the roots wonât be submerged in water. Fill with soil around the roots. Watering: Only water your monstera when its soil is dry, this should be once per week. Sienna Mae Heath is The Quarantined Gardener: Leading the Lehigh Valley to Victory Gardens in 2020. Make sure your pot has at least one drainage hole. Experts at the University of Georgia Extension Service say, “Of all of the factors affecting plant growth in interiors, adequate light is by far the most important.” Monstera deliciosa likes bright but indirect light, such as near an east- or west-facing window. This climbing evergreen is a popular easy-to-grow houseplant and a favorite of many interior designers for both residential and commercial spaces. Your Monstera may survive in less light, but the leaves might not develop those cool holes and it won’t grow as large. Using the right pot and potting medium for your Monstera will make it easier to maintain the proper soil moisture. Monstera will grow in most garden soils, but prefers a moist, humus-rich but well-drained soil. Wiping dust or debris with a damp sponge or paper towel will keep the plant clean and avoidant of pests. While the name Monstera is believed to refer to the abnormally perforated leaves, your Monstera can also get monstrously large for a houseplant. Transplant into a pot a few inches wider and deeper. To grow them tall they will have to be trained, which is fairly easy when using a moss stick. However, make sure you have plenty of room for this unassuming green beauty -- it will grow and grow some more -- and in a few years, you will be thinking, âHow did you get taller than I am?â If these furry friends live in your home, consider an animal-friendly houseplant instead. Monstera deliciosa is considered a low-maintenance plant when it comes to pruning needs. While Monsteras are related to Philodendron, they are not the same. Monstera deliciosa care is very much a labor of love amongst gardening enthusiasts, due to its stunning appearance, easy maintenance, and tolerability of various conditions. A tropical plant native to Central America, the monstera species skyrocketed to â¦ The aerial roots need something to hang on to, so a wooden or moss covered stake set into the middle of the pot will provide the extra support. Split-leaf philodendron, Swiss cheese plant, Windowleaf, Ceriman, Three feet tall/long, spaced two to three feet wide, Bright indirect sunlight, partially shaded, How to Grow Monstera Deliciosa in Containers, How to Make a Kokedama—The Japanese Art of the Moss Ball, How to Grow Climbing Sea Onion Plants (Bowiea volubilis), How to Grow and Care for the Autograph Tree. Finding the Right Light for Your Monstera, The Best Pots and Potting Soil for Monstera. Every two years or so, the Monstera deliciosa will likely outgrow its pot. I documented the stages to show you how it's done and also about how long it takes. The name deliciosa comes from the fruit being known as tasting delicious. In the rainforest, these slits are used to help withstand the heavy winds and rainfall. Indoors, the plant grows about two feet high, its leathery, glossy, characteristic split and heart-shaped leaves coming from intricate aerial roots, which can be used for ropes and basket making. The Monstera Deliciosa is sensitive to overwatering at the best of times. Their main purpose is to help support your Monstera as it climbs. It prefers high humidity, but it will adapt fine to dry indoor conditions. Steinkopf says you can also try placing a cut stem in clean, unchlorinated water and changing the water frequently until roots form. Monstera deliciosa light and temperature Split leaf Philodendron care: light. Fruiting is not common in houseplants. They prefer bright, natural lightâwhat I would call a moderate exposure. To increase humidity indoors, mist the foliage using a spray bottle of demineralized water or rainwater. If any are found on the foliage, spray the plant with a direct water stream. Ripe fruits are edible but according to the North Caroline State University Extension Services, fruits may cause some people allergies. Monstera Deliciosa Care guide Positioning. Fill the bottom third with peaty potting soil and establish a stake gently for the stem to climb on. Ingestion will only cause mouth and stomach irritation, and at worst, vomiting. It is also called Swiss cheese plant due to the perforated leaves, which can grow up to three feet long and are significantly larger than the related petite variety M. adansonii. Too much direct light in warmer months may burn the foliage. Because light is blocked out by taller trees in the split leaf Philodendronâs natural habitat, this plant is not used to receiving direct sunlight. She has been a University of Georgia Master Gardener Extension Volunteer since 2002 and earned the Georgia Certified Plant Professional certification in 2017. Learn how to care for most varieties of Monstera! 3. Water when the top quarter-to-third of the soil feels dry to the touch. As they're tropical plants, they can be tough to take care of if you live in a colder climate, but â¦ How to care for a Monstera. Monstera means monster, and deliciosa means delicious, which is quite pleasing. mobile app users. Wrap where the leaf joins the stem in a one-inch layer of sphagnum moss. Potting mix. It looks like I'm getting a bit of root â¦ Some sources say that the names are actually two ways of calling one plant, while others say that Monstera Borsigiana is a cultivar of Monstera Deliciosa. Monstera deliciosa plants are a treasure to have in your house, with very easy care guidelines also. Finally, cut the stem and establish the young plant in soil. Monsteras are very recognizable plants with big and beautiful leaves. Check the âWhat is Monstera Borsigianaâ section of this care guide for more information. Minor skin irritation from just handling the plant, is possible, though quite rare, making the Monstera deliciosa a beloved, versatile houseplant in many parts of the world. Monstera Deliciosa is an epiphyte, meaning they attach their roots to tree trunks and grow up them towards the light. Monstera deliciosa: The name sounds like something out of Harry Potter’s spellbook. In your home, they will likely max out at six to eight feet and will possibly flower, but fruiting indoors is rare. Is Monstera Toxic? If you want to share your Monstera with friends, Steinkopf says you can propagate it with air layering, a technique she also uses for woody plants like fiddle-leaf figs. She is a lifelong gardener, originally from central New Jersey but now digging in Georgia clay. Lovely. Helen Newling Lawson is a published garden writer and freelance content marketing professional. Martin holds off on fertilizing between Thanksgiving and March, when lower light levels create a natural rest period for your plant. Monstera are species of evergreen tropical vines/shrubs that are native to Central America. Outdoors, the Monstera deliciosa can grow in the full shade of deep woodlands and semi-shade of light woodlands. She plants food and flowers in her native Zone 6B. A delicious monster. Get it free when you sign up for our newsletter. Every editorial product is independently selected, though we may be compensated or receive an affiliate commission if you buy something through our links. If the pot is small, you can test for dryness by sticking your finger in the soil. However, Monstera care guides cannot keep up with this increased interest. If the soil is naturally salty in your region, move it to the patio or indoors. Monstera plant care is relatively low maintenance. Plant in a peaty, well-draining soil in a pot with drainage holes. The common name, Swiss cheese plant, gives a better description of this striking houseplant with holes and deep cuts in its massive leaves. Repotting. Fun fact: Those holes are technically called fenestration, also used in reference to windows — which is probably why it’s also called window leaf plant. Known for their "Swiss cheese" look, both Monstera deliciosa (this iteration has leaves that split at the edges) and Monstera adansonii (which has holes in the leaf centers) are delightfully low-maintenance. We recommend our users to update the browser. Unlike some other houseplants, their roots do not damage surfaces. You can prop these roots onto an indoor plant support to help your Monstera grow tall and bushy. Wait to water your Monstera until the top third of the soil is dry — but don’t let the soil dry out completely. If intended as a houseplant, choose a deep pot with many drainage holes. Our latest shed is also a pavilion—and you can build it, too! Monstera deliciosa likes moderate indoor temperatures of 60 to 85 degrees. But if you moved your growing Monstera to a larger pot, Lisa Eldred Steinkopf, who writes as The Houseplant Guru, suggests sticking a wooden dowel down to the bottom to see if it comes out damp. But, as the temperature drops, it will struggle even more with its water intake. Spray the moss with water to increase moisture and wrap it in plastic. The plant needs warm interior temperatures of at least 65 degrees Fahrenheit (18 C.) or warmer. Monstera Deliciosa From $59 More Options Faux Monstera $200 More Options. Native to the rainforests of Central America, the Monstera deliciosa plant is also known as the "tropical split-leaf philodendron." Hoya Heart Plant ... Monstera Learn how to care for most varieties of Monstera! Monstera deliciosa is a climber in its natural habitat, using its aerial roots to cling to large trees, so you should provide it with moss-covered support sticks or a trellis. Give the plant regular waterings during the growing season. Displaying and growing: These look fantastic in large rooms, hallways, within offices and anywhere else that can cater for their size and caring needs. Monstera plants are discussed on Facebook and showed off on Instagram. Theyâll tolerate low light but will show little if any growth. This plant has its roots in the soil, but it also contains some along the stem. Caring for the Monstera Deliciosa is surprisingly easy because it prefers to be left alone. For some general repotting tips, and knowing when to repot your plant, check out my â¦ Martin says monsteras are “very forgiving plants” and “generally care-free.” But keep an eye out for common indoor plant pests like aphids, thrips and scale. How to Propagate a Monstera Plant. Standard liquid plant fertilizer can be applied about once a month â¦ Steinkopf then wraps the cut in damp sphagnum moss covered with plastic wrap to keep it moist until roots form. I have a lovely top cutting of a Variegated Monstera Albo Borsigiana. Or place the cut stem in damp potting medium and keep it well watered to start a new plant. Monstera Deliciosa is an epiphyte with aerial roots that climb onto tree barks. This could be a window or a balcony. Preventing Pests and Other Problems in Monstera, We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer), houseplant potting mix containing peat moss, refer to the abnormally perforated leaves, plant is getting too large for your space, Discover the Truth About Common Hummingbird Myths, Plant Propagation: How to Multiply Your Plants for Free, Do Not Sell My Personal Information – CA Residents. Monstera Deliciosa is probably one of the most popular house plants. Trim aerial roots if they get too unruly for the space, though tucking them back into the pot is preferred. I've been cleaning, rinsing and replacing the water every week. The ASPCA cautions that this plant is toxic to cats and dogs. When planting outdoors, establish in part-shade in well-draining soil. This evergreen prefers bright, indirect sunlight in temperatures that remain consistently between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Ensure the moss remains moist until roots develop. Is Monstera Borsigiana a â¦ “You’ll have a piece of the exact same plant, only smaller,” she says. Set the roots into the container. Of all the house plants, monstera deliciosa might just be the most stunning. Whatever you call it, Monstera plants were the most sought-after houseplant in 2019 among GrowIt! NYC & NJ Delivery Only Large Monstera From $175 More Options. The fiddle-leaf fig has had its time in the sun. Photo of this monstera is made by roosanur on Instagram. Re-pot every two years into a larger container to maintain growth. She has also developed content for clients in a range of industries, from tech to the green industry. Monstera Care has recently experienced an immense increase in interest. They get hecking HUGE in â¦ Monstera deliciosa is a Swiss cheese plant and itâs a species of flowering plants that originate from the tropical forests of southern Mexico. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer) as we strive to provide site experiences for browsers that support new web standards and security practices. If the pot is small, you can test for dryness by sticking your finger in the soil. When established in a container, it requires peat-based potting media. If its aerial roots get unruly you can trim them, but it's best to just tuck them back into the pot. If your Monstera has what looks like cords pointing down from the stems, those are aerial roots. She enjoys photography, often supplying her own images for editorial use, and hikes and does yoga in her spare time. If needed or desired, use a balanced liquid fertilizer every few weeks during the growing season for indoor plants. If you've managed to keep your fiddle-leaf alive, then looking after a Monstera will be a breeze as it possesses all the qualities of a good houseplant. If your Monstera is too large to move, try placing pebbles or terra-cotta planter feet under the pot to keep it out of standing water. Whether you are gifted with a green thumb or not, our guide will help you grow the perfect houseplants. And use a houseplant potting mix containing peat moss to help retain moisture without getting too soggy. The soil will need to dry out slightly in between. Monstera deliciosa is toxic to pets and humans, but donât worry, itâs not fatal. Taking care of your monstera is sure to bring you great deals of compliments as well as a happy plant! Leaves can also be washed with insecticidal soap. If your Monstera plant is getting too large for your space, Steinkopf suggests moving it to a spot with a little less light to slow its growth. Starting with a stem with a leaf and an aerial root, she cuts the stem about halfway through, a few inches below the aerial root. Follow your usual watering routine during these cold months but pay more attention to the drainage. Monstera Deliciosa plants are frequently mistaken for Philodendron Bipinnatifidum, as both have similar characteristics when it comes to foliage and growing habits. In the wild, they are a climbing vine that can reach 60 feet tall. These can be sprayed with an insecticidal soap or treated with horticultural oil. Itâs now time for a new plant to shine: the Monstera deliciosa, or Swiss cheese plant is the new "It" plant taking over Instagram feeds.. They're not the type of roots that damage walls or surfaces. Apply a balanced fertilizer three or four times a year and the plant may grow 10 feet tall or more. The soil pH should be in the range of around 5.5â7 for strong growth; this can be easily monitored with a pH kit. Use twist ties to secure it. Water until it runs out the bottom, then empty the saucer to avoid root rot. This guide will tell you how to water a Monstera; its light, temperature, humidity preferences and any additional care â¦ Swiss cheese plant also needs moderately moist soil and high humidity. The only pruning required is to maintain its size or to remove dead or damaged foliage, snipping the entire leaf and attached stem back to the plantâs main or central stem.. Near but not in a window is good. Still, keep away from pets and children. A premium standard potting mix should always used for potting up monstera into pots and containers indoors. If you want more monsteras, good news! Monstera likes a humid room, well-drained soil and a balance between sun and shade. By: Gloria Ballard. How to care for your Monstera Use these instructions to care for a Monstera. Outdoors, it is suitable for light sandy, medium loamy, and heavy clay soils with acid or neutral pH. The plant has been rooting in water since 1 FEB. And some types are sold on eBay for immense prices. What Are Aerial Roots and What Are They For? It has beautiful large green leaves that feature slits and fenestrations as it matures and not only is it a hardy, easy to care for plant, it also grows fruit! Two different species of Monstera are cultivated as houseplants - Monstera deliciosa and Monstera adansonii. I was lucky enough to witness a Monstera Deliciosa grows from a seed. Monsteras are epiphytic just like orchids, bromeliads & all its relatives listed above. As the Monstera Deliciosa is hardy in USDA zones 10 through 12, it will thrive year-round in warm, humid weather. Cuttings can be used to start new plants. Hardy in USDA Zones 10 through 12, Monstera deliciosa thrives in high humidity, produces tan-cream flowers pollinated by bees and bears edible juicy fruit with the combined flavor of pineapple and banana. Additional Outdoor Care Tips As the Monstera Deliciosa is hardy in USDA zones 10 through 12, it will thrive year-round in warm, humid weather. Even so, it thrives most in well-drained, moderately moist soil. The Monstera deliciosa is also known as the swiss cheese plant or hurricane plant. Monstera are species of evergreen tropical vines/shrubs that are native to Central America. Water only occasionally in fall and winter. Thank you to my subscriber who requested this video, I really hope these tips help you make your monstera adansonii thrive in your space. If the soil is naturally salty in your region, move it to the patio or indoors. A regional director of GardenComm, the Association of Garden Communicators, Helen is a contributor to magazines including Country Gardens, Birds and Blooms, Georgia Magazine, Nursery Management, State-by-State Gardening, and Atlanta Parent. Before we talk about how to care for a monstera, one of the hottest newcomers on the houseplant scene, letâs discuss a little about this fabulous plant. Stems and leaves respond well to trimming. Indoor Care Choose a location with bright, indirect sunlight for your split-leaf philodendron in temperatures that consistently stay between 70 to 75 degrees. The Monstera Deliciosa Care guidelines come down to the following: Placement: monsteras will thrive where they can get a good amount of indirect bright light. She also recommends propagation if your Monstera has outgrown its space but you can’t bear to part with it. This will also increase humidity as the water evaporates from the saucer.