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In the early 1980s, initial excavations uncovered no fewer than 7,000 objects. The Templo Mayor (Spanish for "[the] Greater Temple") was the main temple of the Mexica peoples in their capital city of Tenochtitlan, which is now Mexico City. The collection shows the political, military and aesthetic relevance of the city that dominated Mesoamerica before the arrival of the Spaniards. Located in the heart of Mexico City's historic neighborhood, Museo del Templo Mayor is an ancient archaeological site, once one of the Aztec people's most important temples. The Spaniards then demolished the city and built their own buildings on top of the ruins of the former Aztec capital. In Mexico, what is a Zócalo and why is it called that? The Templo Mayor archaeological site in Mexico City, on Tuesday Dec. 1, 2015. The difference is that the Anthropology Museum has the mission of collecting and educating on all of the cultures of Mexico. Closed Monday. On the right is one of the actual serpents at the archaeological site. The Great Temple, the Templo Mayor, is what many visitors expect to find at the much better attended Museum of Anthropology. Fortunately I had the oportunity to visit the ruins of "El Templo Mayor" in Mexico city. This is where the most important aspects of Mexica political, religious and economic life took place. One was for Huitzilopochtli, the god of war, and the other was for Tlaloc, the god of rain and agriculture. The temple was called the Huēyi Teōcalli [we:ˈi teoːˈkali] in the Nahuatl language. A publication of the Archaeological Institute of America. From $65 MXN. Its architectural style belongs to the late Postclassic period of Mesoamerica. Museo del Templo Mayor: Archaeological site - See 4,322 traveller reviews, 3,036 candid photos, and great deals for Mexico City, Mexico, at Tripadvisor. The Templo Mayor was the main temple of the Mexica peoples in their capital city of Tenochtitlan, which is now Mexico City. File photo - Tourists visit the Templo Mayor archaeological site in Mexico City, Tuesday Dec. 1, 2015. Templo Mayor Archaeological Site = Good Times! Templo Mayor Archaeological Zone (Tenochtitlán). Schedule, cost, location. Templo Mayor. The Templo Mayor site includes a series of constructions, buildings, pyramids and shrines. You may find it more beneficial to visit the covered museum inside the archaeological site before … Mexico City then decided to demolish the colonial-era buildings and excavate the Templo Mayor. Hernan Cortes and his men arrived in Mexico in 1519. There were also Mixtec figurines, ceramic urns from Veracruz, masks from what is now the state of Guerrero, copper rattles, and decorated skulls and knives of obsidian and flint. Although it is right beside the Cathedral, and a stone's throw from the Zocalo and the Palacio Nacional, it is easy to miss if you're not looking for it. Suzanne Barbezat is a freelance writer specializing in Mexican travel, culture, and food. Museo del Templo Mayor: Archaeological site - See 4,322 traveler reviews, 3,036 candid photos, and great deals for Mexico City, Mexico, at Tripadvisor. Audioguides are available in English and Spanish for an extra charge (bring an identification to leave as a guarantee). The museum is part of the archaeological zone to the north and east of the Metropolitan Cathedral. The Templo Mayor was the main temple of the Mexica peoples in their capital city of Tenochtitlan, which is now Mexico City. The main plaza of Mexico City today was developed to the southwest of this archaeological site. Templo Mayor Museum: buildings, archaeological pieces and codices that belonged to this ancient capital inhabited parts. Mexican archaeologists have discovered, at the archaeological site, a … Excavations have continued to this day, and continue to reveal more and deeper insight into the city’s earliest years. Templo Mayor was one of the main temples of the Aztecs and the archaeological site is located just to the northeast of the zócalo or main plaza of Mexico City, on the corner of Seminario and Justo Sierra streets. Many of them were effigies, clay pots in the image of Tlaloc, skeletons of turtles, frogs, crocodiles, and fish; snail shells, coral, some gold, and alabaster. The main tower had two teocalli shrines atop and from there, one could stroll down onto all of the most important aspects of the political, religious and economic life of the city. A model of Templo Mayor Archaeological Zone, where is possible to appreciate the context of the site within the main buildings of the Historic Centre (Templo Mayor Museum). Archaeological Sites / Templo Mayor Archaeological Site: At its time of splendor, the Templo Mayor was a pyramid with two temples at the top dedicated to Huitzilopochtli, the god of war, and Tlaloc, the rain god. For those who need a reminder, the Templo Mayor, an active archaeological site just off the Zócalo in the Centro Histórico, is an obligatory visit. Here you will find displays of the artifacts discovered during within the temple ruins, including the monolith of the moon goddess Coyolxauhqui, as well as obsidian knives, rubber balls, jade and turquoise masks, reliefs, sculptures and many other objects that were used for ritual or practical purposes. Free for Mexican citizens and residents on Sundays. (AP Photo/Eduardo Verdugo) “Once the rocks and dirt were dug out, … Tlatelolco Archaeological Zone (also known as “The Three Cultures Square”) Tourists visit the Templo Mayor archaeological site in Mexico City, Tuesday Dec. 1, 2015. The Templo Mayor Museum was inaugurated in 1987. INAH's representatives mentioned the possibility of making an archaeological window or a walkway so that citizens and visitors … Construction of the first temple began sometime after 1325 and it was rebuilt six times. Templo Mayor, the great temple of the Aztecs, stands in the heart of Mexico City. Even today, additional archeological sites are being discovered inside Mexico City. Tuesday through Sunday from 9 am to 5 pm. Templo Mayor Museum . Download this stock image: The Aztecs Ruins of Templo Mayor, Archaeological Site, in backgroubd The Metropolitan Cathedral, historic center, Mexico City, Mexico - HP35Y8 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Above: View of the Templo Mayor archaeological site looking east. The museum is centered around the moon goddess disc, dedicated to Coyolxauhqui, (pictured below), but the value to the city in the museum is incalculable and of primary importance for any visit to Mexico City. In Mexico City's historical center, the Templo Mayor is located on the east side of Mexico City's Metropolitan Cathedral at #8 Seminario street, near the Zocalo Metro station. The Templo Mayor site includes a series of constructions, buildings, pyramids and shrines. The museum is part of the archaeological zone to the north and east of the Metropolitan Cathedral. The Templo Mayor is dedicated just to understanding and exploring the center, and to a great extent, the empire, of Mexico-Tenochtitlán. Let us know here. It was dedicated simultaneously to Huitzilopochtli, god of war, and Tlaloc, god of rain and agriculture, each of which had a shrine at the top of the pyramid with separate staircases. In this way, the Aztecs and their city of Tenochtitlan are still with us and we continue to learn about their people and culture. The Templo Mayor is dedicated just to understanding and exploring the center, and to some great extent, the empire, of Mexico-Tenochtitlan. Over time, the temple went through seven different construction stages, with each successive layer making the temple larger, until it reached its maximum height of 200 feet. In this way the museum reflects the Aztec world view of the duality of life and death, water and war, and the symbols represented by Tlaloc and Huitzilopochtli. The Templo Mayor museum was built beside the archaeological site, so visitors can now see the remains of the main Aztec temple, along with the excellent museum that explains it and contains many items that were found on the site. Today, all of this is complemented by a major museum whose permanent collection is among the most important in the city. The Templo Mayor museum contains eight exhibit halls that narrate the history of the archaeological site. Templo Mayor is a relatively small site, and there is a pathway that guides you around it. Ancient Origins articles related to Templo Mayor in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. The Spanish did such a great job of destroying Templo Mayor that no one even knew where it stood until workman stumbled upon the site in 1978. This is a representation of Templo Mayor showing the placement of the serpents. THECITY.MX | THE OFFICIAL GUIDE TO MEXICO CITY, Designed and Presented by the Mexico City Government, Is there something missing from this page? TheCity.mx | Your Essential Guide to Everything Mexico City, Venues / The archaeological site is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and you can see with your own eyes the ruins of the Aztec capital that existed before Cortes and the conquistadors reached Mexican shores. All of them are on permanent display. The replica on the left shows how the big stone serpent heads at the Templo Mayor may have been painted. There is an extra charge for permission to use a video camera. In the center of the city there was a walled area known as the sacred precinct. After documenting the American cemetery in Mexico City, CyArk had the opportunity to record the site of Templo Mayor, an active excavation, located just miles away in the historic center of Mexico City. Many tourists miss out on visiting this outstanding archaeological site because they don't realize it is there. The spir… Little remains of the final layer of the temple which was built around 1500. Admission fee is 70 pesos. After just two years, they conquered the Aztecs. classification. Above: Mexica temples were stuccoed and brightly painted. Museo del Templo Mayor: Archaeological site - See 4,323 traveller reviews, 3,036 candid photos, and great deals for Mexico City, Mexico, at Tripadvisor. Templo Mayor Archaeological Site; Discover all about Ciudad de México. Belonging to the postclassical period of Mesoamerica, the temple was dedicated to two Aztec gods: Huitzilopochtli, the god of war, and Tlaloc, the god of rain and architecture. This building was designed to exhibit the archaeological findings of the zone that used to be the Main Temple of Mexica peoples. Today of course, there is nothing left that stood much higher than where the serpents are today. In addition, they debated the issues concerning the conservation work carried out by the team of restorers of the Templo Mayor. : mex.city@cdmx.gob.mx, Two More Ways to Know You’re Safe in The City, Centro Cultural La Pirámide Luis G. Basurto. Museums , Monumental Mexico, Culture every day, Family, By venue. Although it was always known that Mexico City was built over the city of the Aztecs, it wasn't until 1978 when electric company workers uncovered a monolith depicting Coyolxauqui, the Aztec moon goddess, that the Mexico City government gave permission for a full city block to be excavated. The Museo del Templo Mayorhas a stunning collection of Aztec artifacts— the best you’ll find anywhere—and they were all dug up from the ruins around the Templo Mayor. Designed by Mexican architect Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, the museum opened on October 12, 1987. The fee includes entry to the Templo Mayor archaeological site as well as the Templo Mayor museum. Be sure to visit this site … Visitors to the site walk over a walkway that was built over the remains of the temple, so they can see sections of the temple's different construction phases, and some of the decorations of the site. Visitors to the museum also get a deep dose of what life in the ancient city was like. Museo del Templo Mayor: Archaeological site - See 4,324 traveller reviews, 3,037 candid photos, and great deals for Mexico City, Mexico, at Tripadvisor. Each of these pyramids was dedicated to a different god. The Mexica people (also known as the Aztecs) founded Tenochtitlan, their capital city, in 1325. There's Evidence of 3 Different Cultures in This Mexico City Plaza, Discover Mexico City's Historical Center on Foot, How to Visit Teotihuacan & the Pyramid of the Sun, The Top 10 Sights & Attractions in Mexico City, 48 Hours in Athens: The Perfect Itinerary, Don't miss a visit to these 10 ancient sites in the Yucatan Peninsula, Your Trip to Mexico City: The Complete Guide, Learn about Mexico's 33 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Mexico City's Metropolitan Cathedral: The Complete Guide. Subscribe Now! The Templo Mayor itself is an impressive piece of archaeology. The museum was designed based on the shape of the Templo Mayor, so it has two sections: the South, devoted to aspects of the worship of Huitzilopochtli, like war, sacrifice and tribute, and the North, dedicated to Tlaloc, which focuses on aspects such as agriculture, flora and fauna. It is a worthwhile visit and will put the city's long history into greater context. The collection shows the political, military and aesthetic relevance of the city that dominated Mesoamerica before the Spaniards arrived. Templo Mayor Archaeological Site & Museum. Its architectural style belongs to the late Postclassic period of Mesoamerica. Templo Mayor is a perfect example of this. The Temple and other structures you see here were some of the first sights Hernán Cortés and his Spanish travelers saw when they arrived at Tenochtitlannearly 500 years ago. The temple was called the Huēyi Teōcalli in the Nahuatl language. 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